Samsung has announced that it has developed technology which could form the core of a future 5G data transmission network. The South Korean company said that its new equipment successfully transmitted data at speeds of more than 1Gbps across a distance of up to 2 kilometres.
How does it work? Samsung has revealed that it has created the world’s first “adaptive array transceiver”, which facilitates cellular data transmission via the super high frequency Ka band of its radio spectrum at 29GHz. This frequency used to be weakened or interrupted during cases of wet weather, but Samsung has indicated that this problem has been overcome through the creation of equipment featuring 64 antenna elements.
This would prove a substantial improvement over the current 4G system, enabling users to stream ultra high definition video on their mobile devices while on the move. Though this would have the potential to transform the world of mobile technology, experts urged caution.
According to the BBC, Prof Rahim Tafazolli is leading a major 5G research project at the University of Surrey. He warned that Samsung’s breakthrough is just “a small part of the larger jigsaw” when it comes to the sophisticated technology needed to deliver a functional 5G service.
The BBC also stated that his words must be taken seriously, seen as his research efforts have been funded in part by Samsung. Despite the warnings, the company remained optimistic about the breakthrough. Indeed, Samsung stated its hope in a press release that the first 5G devices could hit the market in 2020, offering speeds hundreds of times faster than 4G.
Prof Tafazolli also remarked that when focusing on new data transmission technology, companies need to place much more emphasis on the storage aspect, rather than the speed aspect. He affirmed that 4G was already fast enough and the capacity crunch must be cracked.
Creating functional 5G technology is now turning into a major race, with developers spurred on by the lucrative rewards on offer. New breakthroughs would have to be licensed to their rivals by inventors and a small fee could be charged for each device utilising new innovations, leading to a massive financial windfall.